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Ziaur Rahman

Ziaur Rahman

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Ziaur Rahman, born January 19, 1936, Bagbari, East Bengal, India—died August 30, 1981, Chittagong, Bangladesh, Bangladeshi soldier and statesman who served as president of Bangladesh from 1977 to 1981.

Joining the military as a cadet in 1953, Ziaur Rahman received a military commission in 1955 and have become a paratrooper. After fighting within the Bangladesh Liberation War—in which the Pakistani province of East Pakistan fought for and acquired independence from Pakistan—Zia was promoted to the rank of colonel in 1972 in the newly independent usa. He got here to political prominence following the August 1975 military coup in which Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the united states’s first leader, became killed. The new president, Khundaqar Mushtaq Ahmed, appointed him leader of army body of workers, and Zia attained nonetheless greater powers under Ahmed’s successor, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem. When Sayem resigned the presidency for fitness reasons in April 1977, Zia become the inheritor apparent. He promised reform and a go back to democratic elections, but an tried coup in November 1977 slowed the method. Nevertheless, eight months later Bangladesh’s first elections held under ordinary suffrage came about. The effects endorsed Zia’s politics. During Zia’s presidency, Bangladesh’s relations with Pakistan improved, although there were continued border tensions with India. Zia became assassinated during a coup try led by Maj. Gen. Mohammad Abdul Manzoor, who in 1971 had fought beside him within the struggle to win independence for Bangladesh !

Shaheed President Ziaur Rahman turned into born at village Bagmari in the district of Bogra on 19 January 1936. He was the second son of Mansur Rahman and Jahanara Khatun. His father changed into a chemist who specialized in paper and ink chemistry and labored for a government department at Writer’s Building in Kolkata. As a child Ziaur Rahman, nicknamed Komol, became reserved, shy, quietly spoken, and extreme in lots of respects. He was raised in Bagbari village, Bogra and studied in Bogra Zilla School.

In 1946, Mansur Rahman enrolled Zia for a short stint in one of the main boys schools of Calcutta, Hare School, in which Zia studied till the dissolution of the British Empire in South Asia and introduction of India in 1947. With the Partition of India, Mansur Rahman exercised his option to come to be a citizen of a Muslim majority Pakistan and in August 1947 moved to Karachi, the first capital of Pakistan placed in Sindh, West Pakistan. Zia, at the age of 11, had turn out to be a scholar in magnificence six at the Academy School in Karachi in 1947. Zia spent his adolescent years in Karachi and by using age 16 completed his secondary education from that School in 1952.

While reading at D. J. College, Zia joined the Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) in 1953 as a cadet. He changed into commissioned in 1955. In the navy, he received commando education, have become a paratrooper and obtained education in a special intelligence path. He fought valiantly as a employer commander in the Khemkaran zone in 1965 Indo-Pak War and in 1966 changed into made an Instructor at the PMA, Kakul. In the identical 12 months, he joined the Staff College, Quetta. Towards the quit of 1969, he become sent to West Germany for training and in a while spent a few months with the British Army. In October 1970, Major Zia changed into transferred to the newly raised 8th EB Regiment at Chittagong. Following the crackdown on unarmed civilians at the nighttime of 25 March 1971, he led the rebellion towards the Pakistan Army and later introduced the historic announcement of independence on behalf of the father of the country Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, from the Kalurghat radio station. Zia have become a quarter commander of the liberation forces in April 1971 and raised the primary Brigade of the Bangladesh Army at Raumari (in Kurigram district) with the help of First, Second and Eighth Bengal Regiment Jawans. The Brigade came to be called ‘Z’ pressure. Zia become promoted to the rank of Lt. Col. Within the identical month. For distinguished services in the War, Zia turned into adorned with the gallantry award “Bir Uttam”.

After liberation of the united states of america, Zia changed into promoted to the rank of Colonel in February 1972 and commanded a Brigade in Comilla. In June 1972, Zia turned into appointed Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army. He became Brigadier in 1973 and on 10 October of the equal 12 months turned into promoted to the rank of Major General. On 25 August 1975, Ziaur Rahman, B.U., % turned into promoted to the rank of Lt. General and assumed the responsibility of Chief of Army Staff. In a coup d’etat on three November 1975, he became, but, eliminated from his command and was placed underneath house arrest. ‘Sepoy-Janata Biplob’ accompanied this occasion on 7 November 1975, leading to Zia’s launch and reinstatement. He have become one of the Deputy CMLAs, and on 29 November 1976 became the CMLA. The Chief Justice of SC, Justice Syed A. B. Mahmood Hussain on 21 April 1977, swore in Lt. General Ziaur Rahman as President of the Republic.

Late President Zia floated a brand new political birthday celebration called the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) on 1 September 1978. He became its Chairman. Election to Jatiya Sangsadn (National Assembly) become held on 18 February 1979 and BNP won 207 seats out of three hundred. In the first actual consultation of Parliament held in April, Martial Law changed into lifted (6 April 1979) after the passage of the Fifth Amendment Bill. Believing in unfastened float of facts, he also lifted all restrictions regarding printing and e-book of information and perspectives. Following his orders, the recruitment of women inside the police force commenced on 8 March 1976. In November 1977, Zia commenced a programme of canal digging for growing agricultural output. He set up Women’s Affairs Ministry on eleven December 1977. He additionally accelerated the wide variety of reserved seats for girls in the Jatiya Sangsad from 15 to 30 and raised the quota for girls in authorities jobs. In February 1980, Zia set up groups at village stage known as Gram Sarkar so as to uplifting the social and economic situation of villagers. An anti-dowry act was additionally passed on 12 December 1980. Besides, he set up the Ministry of Youth Development, which was later merged with the Ministry of Sports.

Ziaur Rahman rejuvenated the cultural life of Bangladesh. In 1976, he delivered the yearly ‘Ekusay Padak’ to give recognition to famend litterateurs, artists, educationists and distinguished personalities who had taken component within the Language Movement and in other walks of countrywide lifestyles. In 1977 Swadhinata Puraskar (Independence Award) – the best countrywide award – became additionally introduced to apprehend full-size contributions of folks/companies in various fields. He installation the Shishu Academy and Shishu Park.

He was the initiator of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), which have become a truth in 1985. Zia became one of the members of the Al Quds, Committee at the liberation of Jerusalem (1981) and a member of the Peace Mission to cease the Iran-Iraq War (1981). At domestic, he installed the Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS) in 1978.

Ziaur Rahman married Begum Khaleda Zia in 1960. Khaleda Zia is the Chairperson of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). She had been the Prime Minister of Bangladesh twice. They have two sons, Tareq Rahman, and Arafat Rahman.

During his term of energy, Zia was criticised for ruthless treatment of his military competition. Although he enjoyed average recognition and public self assurance, Zia’s rehabilitation of some of the maximum debatable anti-Bangladesh independence men in Bangladesh aroused fierce opposition from the supporters of the Awami League and veterans of its Mukti Bahini. Amidst hypothesis and fears of unrest, Zia went on tour to Chittagong on 29 May 1981 to assist resolve an intra-birthday party political dispute inside the regional BNP. Zia and his entourage stayed in a single day at the Chittagong Circuit House. In the early hours of the morning of 30 May, he turned into assassinated through a set of military officials. Also killed had been six of his bodyguards and two aides.Nearly two million humans are estimated to have attended the funeral held on the Parliament Square.

Zia has been honoured via the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation for his statesmanship and imaginative and prescient. Ziaur Rahman was additionally honoured with Egypt’s highest kingdom honour Order of the Nile; Order of the Yugoslav Star, the very best nation honour of former Yugoslavia and the Hero Of The Republic from North Korea all through his lifetime for his leadership. Zia has been the namesake of many public institutions, consisting of formerly the Zia International Airport in Dhaka, that is the busiest airport in the country. Turkey has named an critical road in Ankara as Ziaur Rahman Caddesi after his loss of life to honour him.